General Pierre Gustave Toutant De Beauregard

General Pierre Gustave Toutant De Beauregard

Male 1818 - 1893  (74 years)
Person ID: I24625 


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  • Name Pierre Gustave Toutant De Beauregard  [1, 2
    Title General 
    Name General Pierre-Gustave Toutant Beauregard 
    Notes 
    • The statue of General P. G. T. de Beaurregard in front of City Park in New Orleans (near Christian Brothers School where Jeff Vitter went to middle school and the New Orleans Museum of Art) was removed by the City of New Orleans in 2017. The statue of Robert E. Lee at Lee Circle in New Orleans was also removed at the same time.
      In April 1861, General P.G.T. Beauregard was placed in command at Charleston, SC. He fired the first shot at Fort Sumter in South Carolina – where his former artillery instructor at West Point, Major Richard Anderson, was in command. Beauregard led the attack on Fort Sumter and accepted its surrender on April 12, starting the Civil War.
    Born 28 May 1818  Contreras Plantation, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 20 Feb 1893  New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Lake Lawn Metairie Funeral Home & Cemeteries, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • plot Army of Tennessee Memorial
    Siblings
     1. Rosalie Laperle Beauregard (ID:I24632),   b. 30 Jun 1809, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Louis Siriaque Beauregard (ID:I24628),   b. 8 Aug 1810, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Oct 1814, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 4 years)
     3. Francisco Santiago Beauregard (ID:I24629),   b. 29 Mar 1812, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Apr 1812, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     4. Marie Louise Françoise Judith Beauregard (ID:I24630),   b. 27 Oct 1813, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Mar 1889, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
     5. Augustin Frejus Toutant De Beauregard (ID:I24631),   b. 20 Dec 1815, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1881, San Antonio, Bexar, Texas, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
     6. Charles Alfred Beauregard (ID:I24596),   b. 1 Jan 1817, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Aug 1823, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 6 years)
     7. Felicie Toutant De Beauregard (ID:I24633),   b. 1817, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. DECEASED
     8. Emilia Toutant De Beauregard (ID:I24597),   b. 1819,   d. DECEASED
     9. Charles Frederic Beauregard (ID:I32684),   b. 28 Jul 1820, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jun 1823, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 2 years)
     10. Jacques Marie Armand Toutant De Beauregard (ID:I24598),   b. 1 Mar 1822, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jun 1823, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
     11. Elodie Marie Louise Toutant De Beauregard (ID:I58429),   b. 18 Dec 1823, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Mar 1889, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
     12. Pierre Alfred Toutant Beauregard (ID:I24599),   b. 1825, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Sep 1853, Pass Christian, Harrison, Mississippi, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years)

    Parents

    Family ID: F17317 Group Sheet  |  Family Chart  
    Father Jacques Elie Toutant De Beauregard (ID:I24626),   b. 9 Feb 1789, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Oct 1853, Terre Aux Boeufs, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Mother Judith Marie Hélène Antoinette De Reggio (ID:I24627),   b. 12 Sep 1793, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1848, Terre Aux Boeufs, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Married 29 Aug 1808  New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7

    Family 1

    Family ID: F17315  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Wife 1 Marie Antoinette Laure Villeré (ID:I24603),   b. 22 Mar 1823, Plaquemines, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Mar 1850, Plaquemines, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 26 years) 
    Married 18 Sep 1841  New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
      1. Rene Toutant Beauregard (ID:I24586),   b. 19 Sep 1843, Plaquemines, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Dec 1910, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
      2. Henri Toutant Beauregard (ID:I24604),   b. 11 Apr 1845, Plaquemines, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Feb 1915, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
      3. Laure Villere Toutant Beauregard (ID:I24605),   b. 1850, Magnolia Plantation, Plaquemines, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Jul 1884, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years)

    Family 2

    Family ID: F17316  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Wife 2 Marguerite Caroline Deslondes (ID:I24678),   b. 1831, St John the Baptist, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Mar 1864, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years) 
    Married 1860  New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
      1. Adina Beauregard (ID:I24602),   b. 1864, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1864, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)

    Other Personal Events

    Occupation 1861  U.S. Military Academy, West Point, Orange, New York, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Superintendent 
    Probate 11 Jan 1854  New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Residence 1850  St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Military Service Between 1861 and 1865 
    Commanding General and civil engineer in the Confederate Army in the Civil War; he led the attack on Fort Sumter on 12 April 1861, which started the Civil War, and won the First Battle of Bull Run 
  • Event Map

    Link to Google MapsBorn - 28 May 1818 - Contreras Plantation, St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 18 Sep 1841 - New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1850 - St Bernard, Louisiana, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsProbate - 11 Jan 1854 - New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1860 - New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - 1861 - U.S. Military Academy, West Point, Orange, New York, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 20 Feb 1893 - New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Lake Lawn Metairie Funeral Home & Cemeteries, New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
  • Photos
    Pierre Beauregard 1861
    Pgt_beauregard

  • Source Citations

    1. [S1251] Find A Grave, P.G.T. Beauregard.
      Civil War Confederate General. Called the "Little Creole" and the "Little Napoleon", he was the fifth most senior Confederate officer, holding a variety of commands, though his opportunities were to be limited by ongoing public conflicts with President Jefferson Davis. Born Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard to a well-off French Creole family, he was educated in private schools and did not learn English until sent to New York City for further instruction at age 12. Appointed to West Point, he dropped the hyphen from his last name and thereafter styled himself "G.T. Beauregard". Graduating second in the class of 1838, he was assigned to the Corps of Engineers and found himself in the routine jobs of the time. During the Mexican War he was twice wounded and brevetted for gallantry and assisted, along with future Union commander George McClellan, then- Brevet Major Robert E. Lee on the final drive into Mexico City. After the conflict he was placed in charge of defense of the Mississippi River and lakes within Louisiana and soon found that the task in reality entailed fort building and river dredging along the entire Gulf Coast. Beauregard did an effective job, even patenting a self-acting bar excavator to aid ships in crossing sand bars, and also in 1853 openly campaigned in behalf of the presidential candidacy of Franklin Pierce with whom he had served in Mexico. (Such political activity by an active Army officer was not illegal at the time). Placed in charge of the New Orleans Customs House as a reward, he ran it from 1853 until 1860 making needed structural repairs while seeing the facility, and probably himself, turn a profit. Running for Mayor of New Orleans in 1858 as both the Democrat and Whig candidate, he narrowly lost, then was appointed Superintendent of West Point in January of 1861 where he lasted, owing to his open Southern sympathies, a week, though two years later, in the midst of the Civil War, he was still trying to collect a travel claim from the US government. Resigning his commission, he was appointed Brigadier General in the Confederate Army on March 1, 1861 and placed in command of Charleston Harbor where he supervised the April 12 shelling of Fort Sumter. In July of 1861 Beauregard commanded a corps at First Manassas under General Joe Johnston and was promoted to four star rank effective July 21st of that year; in the battle's aftermath he had his first open dust-up with Jefferson Davis as he and Johnston both stated that, provided with sufficient men and supplies, they could have taken Washington, DC and ended the war. Around that same time Beauregard designed the famous square Confederate Battle Flag as similarity of the Stars-and-Bars to the US Flag caused confusion on the field. He was given one of the four "prototypes" made by the Cary sisters from silk dresses and undergarments; today, Beauregard's flag is preserved in New Orleans along with the Washington Artillery's, while those presented to Joe Johnston and Earl van Dorn are in the collection of Richmond's Museum of the Confederacy. Running into problems with Secretary of War Judah P. Benjamin, he was exiled to the West and took command of the Army of Tennessee when General Albert Sidney Johnston was killed on April 6, 1862, the first day of the Battle of Shiloh; criticized by some for not pressing the opening day's advantage, he withdrew to Corinth; blamed for the subsequent loss of Corinth, and drawing fire over unauthorized sick leave for a chronic throat infection, he was relieved by General Braxton Bragg and sent back to Charleston. There he was placed in charge of defending the southeastern coast, John Pemberton having proven incompetent as he later did at Vicksburg. Using innovative strategies such as submarines and underwater torpedoes (mines) he successfully defended Fort Sumter and prevented the Union from ever taking the city by sea. Sent north in April 1864 he was of major assistance to General Lee, stopping "Beast" Butler at Bermuda Hundred and several times preventing the capture of Petersburg. Despite his valuable service Beauregard again alienated his superiors with grandiose but impractical schemes for winning the war (or, alternatively, setting up a peace conference of state governors) and with the fall of Atlanta he was once more exiled to the West. Exercising overall authority during General Hood's Tennessee Campaign, he took no direct part in the operation. After the Battle of Nashville and the subsequent retreat to Alabama, he joined what little was left of the Army of Tennessee, serving the final months of the war under Joe Johnston. Taking part in the final conflicts he surrendered, along with Johnston, to General Sherman at Durham on April 26, 1865 and after receiving his parole on May 2nd at Greensboro returned home to rebuild his fortune. Briefly considering a command in the Brazilian Army, he also turned down similar offers from Romania and Egypt. Beauregard served as president of the New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad and later held the same position with the New Orleans and Carrolton Street Railway where he invented a cable car drive system similar to that now used in San Francisco. In 1877 he was recruited to be the figurehead in charge of the Louisiana Lottery, essentially a high paid shill. Asked to bring in another Confederate General, he was turned down by John Bell Hood and received an affirmative reply from Wade Hampton, who had to back out when he was elected Governor of South Carolina, before finally signing up Jubal Early. The Lottery was not "crooked" in the sense of being rigged for a given individual to win, and it did promptly pay all prizes and contribute generously to local charities, but it also made handsome profits for the behind the scenes operators who retained a portion of the tickets for themselves while using a large percentage of the generated revenues for "operating expenses". Beauregard and Early were required to participate in the periodic drawings which were run with a comic-opera formality, and though they drew some censure for their actions, they also made a great deal of money. When General Hood and his wife Anna died of Yellow Fever in August 1879 Beauregard paid for their burial and took steps to insure that their ten orphans would be provided for. Never losing interest in the military, Beauregard wrote on the need for a battlefield night vision system as early as 1866, and from 1879 until 1888 served as Adjutant General of Louisiana. In 1888 he was elected New Orleans' Commissioner of Public Works and in 1889 declined the opportunity to march at the head of Jefferson Davis' funeral procession, stating that to do so would make him a hypocrite. General P.G.T. Beauregard remains a controversial man, either a genius ahead of his time, an insufferably arrogant unrealistic dreamer, or even the Civil War's "comic relief"; never called "stupid" or "yellow" even by his worst enemies, he was probably a combination of all of those qualities. An aristocrat of the Old South, he broke ground into the new by supporting voting rights and education for blacks at a time when such ideas were unpopular; taking heat as one of the few Confederates to become rich after the war, he used his money to take care of his grandchildren, and if he was corrupt he was far from the first or last Louisiana political figure to be so. At his death from chronic heart disease he was buried in the Army of Tennessee section at Metairie Cemetery.

      Bio by: Bob Hufford
      https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/4417/p_g_t_-beauregard
      Pierre Beauregard 1861
      Pierre Beauregard 1861
      Portrait by George Peter Alexander Healey, National Portrait Gallery


    2. [S890] Wikipedia, P. G. T. Beauregard.
      Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard (May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893) was a Confederate general officer who started the American Civil War by leading the attack on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. Today, he is commonly referred to as P. G. T. Beauregard, but he rarely used his first name as an adult. He signed correspondence as G. T. Beauregard.

      Trained in military and civil engineering at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, Beauregard served with distinction as an engineer officer in the Mexican–American War. Following a brief appointment as superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy in 1861, and after Louisiana seceded, he resigned from the United States Army and became the first brigadier general in the Confederate States Army. He commanded the defenses of Charleston, South Carolina, at the start of the Civil War at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. Three months later he won the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) near Manassas, Virginia.

      Beauregard commanded armies in the Western Theater, including at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee, and the Siege of Corinth in northern Mississippi. He returned to Charleston and defended it in 1863 from repeated naval and land attacks by Union forces. He is most known for his defense of the industrial city of Petersburg, Virginia from Union troops, in June 1864, which delayed the eventual fall of the confederate capital Richmond, Virginia in April 1865.

      His influence over Confederate strategy was lessened by his poor professional relationships with President Jefferson Davis and other senior generals and officials. In April 1865, Beauregard and his commander, General Joseph E. Johnston, convinced Davis and the remaining cabinet members that the war needed to end. Johnston surrendered most of the remaining armies of the Confederacy, including Beauregard and his men, to Major General William Tecumseh Sherman.

      Following his military career, Beauregard returned to Louisiana, where he advocated black civil rights and Black Suffrage, served as a railroad executive, and became wealthy as a promoter of the Louisiana Lottery.
      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P._G._T._Beauregard

    3. [S808] Louisiana, Wills and Probate Records, 1756-1984, Ancestry.com, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2015;), Louisiana, Orleans Parish Estate Files; Author: New Orleans (Louisiana). City Archives; Probate Place: Orleans, Louisiana.
      https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/9067/images/005817437_00067
      Louisiana, Wills and Probate Records, 1756-1984 Document
      Louisiana, Wills and Probate Records, 1756-1984 Document
      Louisiana, Orleans Parish Estate Files; Author: New Orleans (Louisiana). City Archives; Probate Place: Orleans, Louisiana
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(2) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(2) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(3) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(3) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(4) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(4) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(5) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(5) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(6) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(6) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(7) Document
      Louisiana Wills and Probate Records 17561984(7) Document


    4. [S1539] 1850 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules, Ancestry.com, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2004;), The National Archive in Washington DC; Washington, DC; NARA Microform Publication: M432; Title: Seventh Census Of The United States, 1850; Record Group: Records of the Bureau of the Census; Record Group Number: 29.
      1850 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules
      1850 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules
      The National Archive in Washington DC; Washington, DC; NARA Microform Publication: M432; Title: Seventh Census Of The United States, 1850; Record Group: Records of the Bureau of the Census; Record Group Number: 29
      1850 US Federal Census  Slave Schedules(1)
      1850 US Federal Census Slave Schedules(1)


    5. [S1009] 1850 United States Federal Census, Year: 1850; Census Place: St Bernard, Louisiana; Roll: 239; Page: 147a.
      https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/8054/images/4198712_00297
      1850 United States Federal Census
      1850 United States Federal Census
      Year: 1850; Census Place: St Bernard, Louisiana; Roll: 239; Page: 147a


    6. [S1139] The Romance of the Toutant Beauregard, Grace King, (Name: Daughters of the American Revolution; Date: 1937;), From The Romance of the Toutant Beauregard, by Daughters of the American Revolution, Grace King, 1937.
      Jacques Elie Toutant Beauregard, son of Michel Louis Toutant Beauregard andVictoire Marie Ducros, born February 9, 1789 and baptized in St. Louis Cathedral March 8, 1789 by Pere Antonea de Sedella. The godparents were: Elie Beauregard, his uncle (Captain of the fixed Regiment of Louisiana) and Emilie Theodora Ducros, his aunt.

      Jacques Elie Toutant Beauregard was planter of St. Bernard (Terre Aux Boeufs) Parish. He married in St. Louis Cathedral, August 29, 1808, by Pere Antoine to Judith Heleine Antonia de Reggio, daughter of Louis Charles Emmanuel de Reggio (second son of Chevalier Francois Marie de Reggio and Helein de Fleurian) Judith Olivier de Vezin, daughter of Pierre Francois Marie Olivier de Vezin and Marie Josephe Gatineau Duplessis. The witnesses were PierreMarin y Argote and Godefroy Olivier de Vezin.

      Judith Heleine Antonia de Reggio died October 5, 1848 and Jacques Elie Toutant Beauregard died October 19, 1853, both buried in St. Bernard Parish Cemetery located in Terre aux Boeufs.

    7. [S893] Orleans Parish, Louisiana, Marriage Records, Beauregard-Dereggio marriage record.
      Name: Jacques Elie Beauregard
      Spouse: Helena Antonia Judith
      Marriage Date: 8 Aug 1829
      Marriage County: Orleans
      https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=2090&h=5763&indiv=try